Hepatitis C is a liver disease brought on by the hepatitis C virus: the virus can induce both acute and chronic hepatitis, fluctuating in intensity from a mild illness lasting a few weeks to a serious, lifelong illness.
The hepatitis C virus is a bloodborne virus and the most common modes of infection are through exposure to small quantities of blood. This may happen through injection drug use, unsafe injection practices, unsafe health care, and the transfusion of unscreened blood and blood products.
Internationally, an estimated 71 million people have chronic hepatitis C infection.
A substantial number of those who are chronically affected will acquire cirrhosis or liver cancer.
Approximately 399 000 people die each year from hepatitis C, primarily from cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma.
Antiviral medicines can cure in excess of 95% of persons with hepatitis C infection, in doing so reducing the risk of death from liver cancer and cirrhosis, but availability to diagnosis and treatment is low.
There is at this time no vaccine for hepatitis C; however research in this area is continuous.
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) causes both acute and chronic infection. Acute HCV infection is ordinarily asymptomatic, and is only very almost never (if ever) associated with life-threatening disease. About 15-- 45% of infected persons automatically clear the virus within 6 months of infection with no treatment.
The remaining 60-- 80% of persons will acquire chronic HCV infection. Of those with chronic HCV infection, the risk of cirrhosis of the liver is between 15-- 30% within 20 years.
Your liver is your major internal organ and your body's workhorse. Among its many jobs are converting food into fuel, processing fat from your blood, clearing harmful toxins, and making proteins that help your blood clot. Yet this tireless, supersized organ is vulnerable to an often hard-to-diagnose and dangerous condition called nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, or NAFLD.
Liver disease - Fatty Liver.
NAFLD is defined as the presence of fat in more than 5% of here liver cells. It is the most frequent liver disease and affects up to 25% of American adults, 60% of whom are men.
The disease raises your risk of heart disease and left untreated, NAFLD also can cause an inflamed liver, a condition called nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH).
As many as 40% of people with NAFLD develop NASH. NASH can lead to scarring of the liver; severe scarring, called cirrhosis, increases your risk of liver cancer.
A growing problem.
Although drinking excessive alcohol can cause fat buildup in the liver, NAFLD affects people who consume little or no alcohol.
Instead, the main primary cause is surplus weight-- which causes extra fat to get stored in the liver-- and is related to dyslipidemia (abnormally high LDL cholesterol levels, low HDL levels, or both), high blood pressure, and diabetes.
Fatty Liver & Obesity
As the number of overweight people has increased, so too has the prevalence of NAFLD. "Much here of this can be attributed to a habitual diet of more refined foods and significant amounts of carbohydrates, along with more sedentary lifestyles," says Dr. Kathleen Corey, director of the Fatty Liver Disease Clinic at Harvard-affiliated Massachusetts General Hospital. She adds that some people with fatty livers have none of these risk factors, which suggests that genes can play an important role.
Establishing healthy eating habits isn't as complicated or as limiting as some people imagine. The vital steps are to eat mostly foods derived from plants-- vegetables, fruits, whole grains and legumes (beans, peas, lentils)-- and limit highly processed foods. Kickoff on your healthy diet by following the links in this article.